If you have an HSA, or Health Savings Account, you need to now what eligible expenses are allowable in 2013 for deduction under the rules set forth by the IRS.
You can spend money from your HSA tax-free as long as it’s put towards a “qualified medical expense.” This includes all prescription medication, medical related transportation, regular doctor bills, and other allowable costs as defined below. These expenses are paid by you until your health insurance deductible is met, at which time your policy takes over, as defined by your plan.
If you spend funds on non-qualified expenses, the IRS taxes you at your regular income rate in addition to a penalty equaling 20% of the amount you spent. This rule only applies to those under 65.
One of the great things about an HSA is that you can spend money on any eligible expense, even if that medical cost isn’t covered under your High Deductible Health Plan. So for example, if your health plan doesn’t cover vision correction surgery, in most cases you can cover that expense from your non-taxed funds. This also applies to expense incurred by your spouse and dependents. You are allowed to pay for their qualifying medical bills as well, even if they receive coverage from a separate insurance policy.
An oft asked questions is if you can use your HSA towards monthly health insurance premiums. The answer is generally no, unless you participate in Medicare, in which case you can pay for any premiums except Medicare Supplement policies. You are also allowed to use your HSA funds to cover insurance premiums in cases where you are unemployed and collecting qualified benefits, or you have continuing COBRA coverage.
HSA Eligible Expenses 2012 and 2013
|X-ray||Prosthesis||Lactation Expenses||Dental Treatment|
|Wig||Pregnancy Test Kit||Laboratory Fees||Crutches|
|Wheelchair||Physical Examination||Intellectually and Developmentally Disabled, Special Home for||Contact Lenses|
|Weight-Loss Program||Oxygen||Insurance Premiums||Christian Science Practitioner|
|Vision Correction Surgery||Osteopath||Hospital Services||Chiropractor|
|Vasectomy||Organ Donors||Home Improvements||Car|
|Tuition||Optometrist||Home Care||Capital Expenses|
|Trips||Operations||Hearing Aids||Breast Reconstruction Surgery|
|Transportation||Nursing Services||Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)||Breast Pumps and Supplies|
|Transplants||Nursing Home||Health Institute||Braille Books and Magazines|
|Therapy||Medicines||Guide Dog or Other Service Animal||Body Scan|
|Television||Medical Information Plan||Founder’s Fee||Birth Control Pills|
|Telephone||Medical Conferences||Fertility Enhancement||Bandages|
|Stop-Smoking Programs||Long-Term Care||Eye Surgery||Artificial Teeth|
|Sterilization||Lodging||Eye Exam||Artificial Limb|
|Special Education||Lifetime Care—Advance Payments||Drugs||Annual Physical Examination|
|Psychologist||Legal Fees||Drug Addiction||Ambulance|
|Psychoanalysis||Learning Disability||Disabled Dependent Care Expenses||Alcoholism|
|Psychiatric Care||Lead-Based Paint Removal||Diagnostic Devices||Acupuncture|
Unfortunately, the IRS doesn’t recognize all medical expenses as “qualified.” You are not allowed to spend your HSA money tax-free on these non-eligible expenses, as defined in the table below.
Non Qualified HSA Expenses 2012 and 2013
|Weight-Loss Program||Maternity Clothes||Funeral Expenses|
|Veterinary Fees||Insurance Premiums||Flexible Spending Account|
|Teeth Whitening||Illegal Operations and Treatments||Electrolysis or Hair Removal|
|Swimming Lessons||Household Help||Diaper Service|
|Personal Use Items||Health Savings Accounts||Dancing Lessons|
|Nutritional Supplements||Health Coverage Tax Credit||Cosmetic Surgery|
|Nonprescription Drugs and Medicines||Health Club Dues||Controlled Substances|
|Medicines and Drugs From Other Countries||Hair Transplant||Baby Sitting|
|Medical Savings Account (MSA)||Future Medical Care|